Waterways

Published on January 10th, 2017

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Development of Inland Waterways in the Country

Feasibility studies for the 106 new national waterways have concluded that 32 of them are technically viable, according to the minister of state for shipping Mansukh L. Mandavia. Out of these 32 waterways, Detailed Project Reports (DPR) have been prepared for 8 waterways. Based on these DPRs, tender process for development of river Barak (NW-16) is in the final stage. Tender document preparation for the development of river Ghagra (NW-40), Gandak (NW-37) and Kosi (NW-58) are in progress. The Government is making all efforts to develop National Waterways in the country, Mandavia told Rajya Sabha. As per estimates, the logistics cost for movement of cargo in India is about 19% of GDP. Out of the total logistics modal mix, the share of coastal and Inland waterways is approximately 6% and the cost of moving goods by IWT and coastal shipping is estimated to be Rs 0.2-0.3 per Ton km, much less compared to Road (Rs. 2.3 per ton km) and Railways (Rs. 1.2-1.5 per ton km). As part of Sagarmala programme, the share of inland waterways and coastal shipping in modal mix is expected to double by 2025, thereby reducing logistics cost significantly. For development of NWs in Goa, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed by Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) with Mormugao Port Trust (MPT) for the development of national waterways in Goa such as river Mandovi (NW-68), Zuari (NW-111) and Cumberjua canal (NW-27) in Goa. Expenditure to develop these waterways will be met from the Government Budgetary Support (GBS), extra budgetary resources such as bonds, MPT and Government of Goa.

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